Tip of Myanmar

The official name is Republic of the Union of Myanmar. It is known as Myanmar or Burma. The government is Unitary Presidential Republic. The President is Mr. Thein Sein.

Famous People from Myanmar

Thein Sein – President of Myanmar

General (Bogyoke) Aung San – He brought independence from British colonial rule in Burma (Myanmar). He is the father of (hero of) Myanmar People.

U Thant – He is the third Secretary-General of the United Nations. He achieved negotiations between John F. Kennedy and Nikita Kruschev during Cuban Missile Crisis.

Aung San Su Kyi – She is daughter of General Aung San. Presently she is Leader of National League for Democracy. She got Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.

At a glance of Myanmar

“Mingalarbar !” This is the greeting of Myanmar. It can be used as general word of meeting or it means “How do you do? “.

Myanmar is famous as golden land Myanmar. As it is a Buddhist Country, there are a lot of golden pagodas national wide. Especially is Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon.
Moreover smiles of Myanmar people are very popular. Their smiles are sweet, charming, innocent, gentle, and honest.

Location

It is located in South East Asia. It is located between latitudes 09 32°N and 28 31°N and longitudes 92 10°E and 101 11°E. The country has a coastline (1930km) in the south. It is situated on the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.  The neighbor countries are China, India, Laos, Thailand and Bangladesh. The length of land boundaries is 5876km. Myanmar is second largest while Indonesia is first in South East Asia.

Area

The area is 676,578 km2. The land area is 653,508 km2. The water area is 23,070 km2.

Area – Comparative

It is slighter smaller than Texas or double of Germany/Vietnam.

Popular Rivers

The main river is Ayeyarwady. It flows from North to South through country. It is very useful for commerce. The other rivers are Chidwin, Thanlwin, Sittaung.

Highest Mountain

The highest mountain is Hkakabo Razi. It is located in Kachin Stae, north of Myanmar.

Largest Cities

Naypidaw is the Capital and it is the city of government offices. Yangon is largest City and Old Capital. Mandalay is Second Largest City.

Weather

Myanmar usually has 3 seasons.

Hot season – Mid of March to Mid of May
Temperature may be from 30°C to 35°C. The highest may be 45°C in certain region.

Rainy Season
– May to October
Temperature may be from 25°C to 30°C.
The average rainfall is 40 inches in central and 200 inches in coastal regions.

Cold Season - November to February
Temperature may be from 20°C to 24°C.

Some area drop under 0°C.
Monthly Average Temperature (°C) in Yangon
 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

July

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

19

23

29

32

33

32

30

28

30

28

18

16


Divisions and States

The country is composed with 7 Divisions and 7 States.
Divisions are Yangon, Mandalay, Magway, Sagaing, Ayeyarwady, Tanintharyi and Bago.
States are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Rakhine, Mon and Shan.
Religion
Buddhish (89%) ,Christian,Muslim,Hindu.

Language

Burmese (officially), English and other local languages.

Population

There are 135 national races. The main races are Kachin(12), Kayah(9), Kayin(11), Chin(53), Mon(1), Bamar(9), Rakhine(7) and Shan(33). The population is 54,584,650. (July 2012 estimated)

Independence

Myanmar became independence from British Colonies on 4, January, 1948.

Myanmar Flag

The nation flag was adopted on 21 Oct 2010. It is a horizontal tricolor flag of yellow, green and red charged with a five-pointed white star in the middle of the field. The yellow represents peace; the green symbolizes solidarity, tranquility and lush greenery; the red represents courage and determination; and the white star stands for the significance of the union of the country.

Agriculture

As it has a lot of rivers and there is a lot of rain, the nation is Agriculture country. The main product is rice and the rest are pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane, fish and fish products, hardwood.

Natural Resources

Myanmar has rich of natural resources like petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, cement, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, fertilizer, oil and gas, garments, jade, gems, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, and hydro power.

Education

Anybody can go to school at the age of 5. Elementary School (Kindergarten, Standard 1,2,3,4);Middle School (Standard 5,6,7,8);High School (Standard 9,10). The uniform is white on the top and green at bottom. Schools open in beginning of June.
Depends on the matriculation results (Standard 10), the students may go different universities. There are universities of Medical, Technical, and other vocational.

Health

The most common diseases are bacterial and protozoal diarrhea; hepatitis A, B; Tricuspid Valve (TV); typhoid fever; dengue fever and malaria; leptospirosis; rabies; HIV; AIDS.

Public Holidays

Independent day (January 04)
Kayin New Year (January 14)
Union Day (February 12)
Peasants’s Day (March 02)
Armed Forces Day (March 27)
Myanmar New Year (2nd week of April)
Labour Day (May 01)
Martyrs’s Day (July 19)
National Day (10th Waning day of Tazaungmone month in Myanmar Calendar)
Christmas Day (25th December)
The rest are full moon day of Myanmar Months (in Myanmar Calendar) and special days of other religion.

Communication

There are telephone, internet, and fax, broadcasting media, newspaper and other media.
The country code is +95 and the internet access code is .mm.
It has official newspaper of Kyae Mon, Myanmar Alin and the New Light of Myanmar (in English).

Calendar

As usual of world calendar (official use)

Myanmar Traditional Calendar

It is a lunisolar calendar based on phases of the moon and the motion of the sun. Every month has 28 days. Christian Calendar can obtain by adding 638 days of Myanmar Calendar. Let’s say 2013-638=1375. Now is Year of 1375 according to Myanmar Lunar Calendar.

There are 12 months in a year of Myanmar Lunar Calendar.
Tagu 2) Kason 3) Nayone 4) Waso 5) Wagaung 6) Tawtalin 7) Thadingyut 8) Tazaungmone 9) Nataw 10) Pyatho 11) Tabodwe 12) Tabaung

International Organization

The nation is a member of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), United Nations and other organizations.

Traditional Entertainment

Myanmar has its own culture entertainment. The most popular entertainments are, Modern Style Stick Drum Dance, U Shwe Yoe and Daw Moe Dance, Marionette dance or puppet style duet dance, the apyodaw Dance (or) The Maids Honor Dance, Myanmar Magic Show, Thingyan Dance and Myanmar Mystic Chinlon (Popular Traditional Sport)

General Information

Currency is in kyats.
The working hours of offices are from 9:30am to 4:30pm and close on Saturday and Sunday.


Voltages  220/230V Ac, 50 (Hz)
Time Zone = MMT (UTC: 6:30)

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Yangon, Myanmar.
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